The first inhabitants of Venezuela were the tribes: Arawaks and the Caribs and a few nomadic hunting and fishing tribes. Christopher Columbus sailed along the eastern coast of Venezuela on his third voyage in 1498, the only one of his four voyages to reach the South American mainland. This expedition discovered the so-called “Pearl Islands” of Cubagua and Margarita off the northeastern coast of Venezuela. The Spanish men, Alonso de Ojeda and Amerigo Vespucci came from an island (it said to be Aruba) and discovered the country Venezuela in 1499.
They gave the country the name Venezuela (which means Little Venice) because of the native villages that were built above the water. Spain’s colonization of mainland Venezuela started in 1522. Spain established its first permanent South American settlement in the present-day city of Cumaná.
Venezuela was one of the first South-American colonies to revolt in 1810, winning independence in 1821. Venezuela was federated with Colombia and Ecuador as the Republic of Greater Colombia but Venezuela became a republic in 1830. After this a period of dictatorship ruled over Venezuela. The president Antonio Guzman Blanco governed Venezuela from 1870 to 1889. Under his presidency, the country developed an infrastructure and expanding agriculture and welcoming foreign investment.
The residents of Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela know Simon Bolivar as El Liberator (The Liberator). He is responsible for the liberation of the mentioned countries from the Spanish rule. He fought the Spanish armies in various capacities for complete freedom from 1810 to 1824. Bolivar became a dictator of Peru in 1824. In the North of Peru he separated that part from the rest of the country in 1825. Simon Bolivar separated the North of Peru from the rest of the country which was named Bolivia in honor of Boliviar.
Pedro Luis Brion
Born in the Caribbean island Curacao, studied in The Netherlands and fought against the British in Europe and the Caribbean waters. Pedro Luis Brion was involved in Venezuela fight for independence and we will be remembered as a great supporter of human rights and democracy. Because Brion studied Nautical sciences and Maritime Trade in the United States, it is believed that his battle tacticts were superior to those of the Spanish and Brith fleets.,He died of tuberculosis in 1821 in his beloved district Scharloo, Curacao. His body is interred at the National Patheon in Venezuela.